- Diarrhoea/Loose motion is a condition when a child starts passing loose, watery and frequent stool.
- Diarrhoea/Loose motion is the body’s way of getting rid of germs.
- Infants have soft, loose and frequent stools which are often worried to be loose motion.
Causes of Diarrhoea
- In children, the loose motion is caused by,
- Infection-causing germs
- Intolerance to certain foods
- Infection causing Germs enter the body through contaminated food/water.
- There are 3 types of infection causing germs which causes loose motion
- Rota viruses are the most common cause of loose motion in young children and infants.
- Once a child is infected he/she develops the immunity to get rid of the infection later which would be less severe.
- Rota viruses spreads easily from children to children.
- When a child comes in contact with the surface/object which are contaminated by fecal (Fecal is the stool discharged from the bowels)material.
- When a child plays/baths/drinks water which is contaminated by fecal material are infected by the virus.
- When a child eats a food which is cooked in the presence of fecal material.
- When a child plays with another infected child.
- Bacterial diarrhoea is usually caused by contaminated food/water.
- These diarrhoeas are usually self-limiting.
- Common bacteria that cause diarrhoea include Campylobacter, Escherichia coli (E. coli), Salmonella, and Shigella.
- Bacterial diarrhoeas are cured by taking antibiotics.
- Parasitic infections are caused by contaminated food/water/soil.
- Parasites such as Giardia lamblia and cryptosporidium can cause diarrhea.
2.Intolerance to certain foods
- Change in your child’s diet can cause allergy which results in diarrhea.
- So when introducing solids to your child check for food allergens.
- Antibiotics can cause diarrhoea.
- If you are a feeding
motherand you are taking antibiotics which may also cause loose motion to your baby
Symptoms of loose motion
- Consult your doctor immediately if diarrhoea has not improved within 24 hrs.
- Also if diarrhoea is accompanied with the following symptoms,
- Fever above 102
- Stomach pain
- Bloody, green or black stools
- Diarrhoea can result in dehydration due to fluid loss.
- Dehydration is something to be concerned about since it is a life-risking factor.
- So in diarrhoea, it is important to keep your child hydrated.
- Oral Rehydration therapy is used to prevent dehydration.
- Oral Rehydration therapy involves treating diarrhoea using Oral Rehydration Solution(ORS).
- ORS solution should be given to your child only under the doctor’s supervision.
- Your doctor will further tell you the procedure for preparing the solution at home.
For a breast feeding child,
- Continue breastfeeding.
- Wash your hands with soap after changing the baby’s diaper.
- Wash your hands with soap after cleaning baby’s poo.
- Wash your hands before and after preparing baby’s feed.
- Wash the cloth immediately in which the baby has pooped.
- If it is diaper wrap it tightly and put it in sealed trash or cover.
- Rotavirus vaccine.
- Breastfeed at least for 6 months
- Wash hands often
- Offer safe drinking water
- Maintain proper sanitation and hygiene
- Prevent your child from putting dirty things in the mouth
- Offer Nutritious diet
- For a breastfeeding baby continue breastfeeding.
- For a child above 6 months,
- Offer water more than usual.
- Make Dietary changes.
- Include more Electrolytes in your child’s food.
- Electrolytes are nutrients that are necessary to maintain hydration.
- Main sources of electrolytes are present in fruits and vegetables.
- Electrolytes such as are required to maintain hydration.
- Following are foods that contain electrolytes,
- Sodium (NA)-Pickles, cottage cheese and salt
- Potassium (K) – Banana,Orange,potato,sweet potato
- Calcium (CA) – Diary products
- Magnesium (MG) – green leafy vegetables
- Phosphorus (P)– Milk and milk products
- Chloride (CL) – table salt and tomatoes
Foods to avoid
- Creamy, spicy and fatty foods
- High fibre diet
- Leafy vegetables
Other non-infectious causes can also result in diarrhoea.